Not all breeders conduct the same health tests on their dogs. Buyers should ask for proof of specific health tests that have been completed. While health tests on a sire and dam does not guarantee that pups will remain free from hereditary disorders, testing greatly reduces the risk of certain inherited problems.
Unethical breeders (and unwary people they sell to), can adversely affect the health of any breed. To avoid such breeders, ask for references. Talk with the breed’s parent club (i.e. IHCUS), as well as other breeders. Ask which, if any, dogs in the puppy’s pedigree have been affected with hereditary problems. Insist on proof of veterinary checks for certain problems. Reputable breeders will welcome such requests. Careful breeding practices are necessary to ensure the good health of the breed.